Wherever possible the definitions used in this Glossary have been drawn from the Glossary of Terms for Apprenticeship Training and Certification approved and published by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship and the Canadian Labour Force Development Board National Apprenticeship Committee in September 1996. However, some definitions have been modified and other terms have been defined and added to this Glossary specifically for use with the Ellis Chart.
List of terms that start with the letter: A
- Apprentice On-The-Job Training Standards/Record Book (Logbook)
- A document issued to registered apprentices in which acquired skills, courses completed and time worked at a trade or occupation are recorded. The booklet becomes the apprentice's achievement record. The name given to the booklet may differ between provinces and territories. For example, it is sometimes referred to as a Log Book or as a Progress Record book.
- Apprenticeship Accreditation
- A process by which an agency or association grants public recognition to a training establishment, program of study or service which meets pre-determined standards.
- Apprenticeship Program Outline
- A list of topics and performance objectives to be learned during each period of an apprenticeship program's technical training.
- Apprenticeship Registration
- A formal process requiring an individual to meet all the requirements for apprenticeship, including signing an apprenticeship contract, agreement or memorandum of understanding with an employer.
- Apprenticeship Technical Training
- A period of training/instruction provided to apprentices in a classroom setting away from the job site. The emphasis is on teaching the theory component of the trade or occupation, reinforced where appropriate, with shop/lab training. This training is intended to supplement the on-the-job training.
- Apprenticeship Term
- The normal length of time required for a person to attain journeyperson status from the time of registration as an apprentice and is usually a combination of both formal training and work experience. The length of time is generally expressed in years and hours per year or in hours.
List of terms that start with the letter: C
- Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA)
- A national body comprised of the provincial and territorial government officials responsible for managing and directing apprenticeship programs and two federal government representatives. The mission of the council is to facilitate the mobility of the apprentices and journeypersons in Canada through the establishment of uniform standards in training and examinations as confirmed by a Red Seal endorsement.
- Curriculum Resources
- Resource materials developed to set the standards for and facilitate the training of apprentices and journeypersons. Resource materials include, but are not limited to, skill profile charts, occupational analyses, apprenticeship program outlines, journeyperson upgrading and updating course outlines, trade/occupation manuals and modularized learning resource materials.
List of terms that start with the letter: D
- Day Release Training
- Technical training for apprentices where employers release apprentices from work for one day to attend in-school training (usually one day per week).
- Delivery of Technical Training
- The process of providing formal apprenticeship course instruction in the theory and practical subjects set out in a provincial/territorial apprenticeship program outline. Courses may be delivered using block release or individualized methods.
- Designated Red Seal Trade
- A trade or occupation that has been designated by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) for inclusion in the Interprovincial Standards 'Red Seal' Program. The training and certification is based on a national occupational standard, and provinces and territories participating in the program for that trade or occupation are permitted to affix a Red Seal to the certificates of candidates who meet the standard. Refer also to the definition herein for Interprovincial (IP) Examination.
List of terms that start with the letter: E
- Education/Entrance Requirements
- The level of formal education or other criteria such as an examination or assessment process that is established within a province or territory that an individual must possess/pass prior to becoming an apprentice or attending technical training. While these requirements may vary from trade to trade and province to province, the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) advises that most employers require prospective apprentices to have a grade 12 education.
List of terms that start with the letter: F
- Fixed Entry/Open Exit Training
- A system of training based on specific performance criteria where progress in learning is measured in terms of demonstrated skills and knowledge and where an apprentice or other learner is allowed to progress through and exit a course of instruction at a rate determined by his or her own capabilities. This training system is also referred to as the Modified Block Release training system. Learning is usually supported by the use of modularized learning resource materials and the services of a facilitator/instructor.
- Flexible/Distance Education
- Formal training delivery methods that enable registered apprentices and other learners to complete a course of study utilizing current communications technologies and may include some traditional classroom-based instruction. Some examples of current communication technologies being utilized to reduce the periods of formal classroom instruction include the Internet, interactive computer-based training and video teleconferencing.
List of terms that start with the letter: H
- Hour Release Training
- Technical training for apprentices whereby they are released from work by their employers to attend technical training for a number of hours per day, usually one day a week.
- Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)
- This is the Federal Department that has responsibility for providing the secretariat services for the Interprovincial Standards 'Red Seal' Program including the translation, printing and distribution of interprovincial examinations. The department is also responsible for the development and distribution of National Occupational Analyses.
List of terms that start with the letter: I
- Industry Trade Advisory Committee
- Individuals appointed to represent the interests of employers and labour on a committee officially designated by a provincial or territorial agency to offer advice and make recommendations regarding apprenticeship and journeyperson training and certification standards. Committees are normally comprised of an equal number of employee and employer representatives knowledgeable in the trade or occupation and are seen as the primary vehicle for ensuring industry has a voice in the development and delivery of apprenticeship training.
- Interprovincial (IP) Examination
- An examination used to determine whether completing apprentices and experienced journeypersons meet the national standard in a designated 'Red Seal' trade or occupation. Examinations are based on the national occupational analysis for that trade or occupation. Refer also to the definition herein for Designated Red Seal Trade.
List of terms that start with the letter: J
- Journeyperson Certification - Compulsory
- A prevailing provincial/territorial legislation requirement in which persons entering or working in a designated trade or occupation must possess a Certificate of Qualification or be registered as apprentices, in order to work or practice in that trade or occupation. Those working in the trade or occupation prior to the compulsory requirement may be eligible for exemption from this requirement by the provincial/territorial authorities. In some jurisdictions, the Certification Program is referred to as the 'Trades Qualification (TQ) Program'.
- Journeyperson Certification - Voluntary
- A provision of prevailing provincial/territorial legislation that provides a voluntary opportunity for eligible journeypersons working in a specific designated trade or occupation to become certified. In some jurisdictions, the certification program is referred to as the 'Trades Qualification (TQ) Program'.
- Journeyperson Certification Only
- A provision of prevailing provincial/territorial legislation that provides for the certification of persons at the journeyperson level only but makes no provision for the registration and training of persons as apprentices. This provision is often incorporated to reduce barriers to the mobility of qualified workers.
List of terms that start with the letter: M
- Modularized Learning Resource Materials
- Educational packages which include learning objectives, learning activities and self-assessment procedures designed to guide the learning of apprentices and journeypersons for a specific unit of training. Packages may be developed for use in individualized and/or instructor/facilitator driven settings and for apprentice training and/or journeyperson upgrading/updating.
List of terms that start with the letter: N
- National Occupational Classification (NOC) Code
- An alpha and numerical indicator identifying a trade or occupation in the National Occupational Classification publication. This code replaces the previously used Canadian Classification and Dictionary of Occupations (CCDO) Code.
List of terms that start with the letter: O
- Occupational Analysis - National (NOA)
- A document that lists the blocks, tasks and sub-tasks performed by workers in a designated trade or occupation in jurisdictions across Canada. The NOA for Red Seal designated trades are prepared by industry experts under the guidance of the federal government and the assistance of the provincial/territorial jurisdictions in which the trade or occupation is designated. It is used as the base document in the development of an interprovincial 'Red Seal' examination or examination item bank.
- Occupational Analysis - Province/Territory
- A document which lists the blocks, tasks, sub-tasks, activities and functions that are performed by journeypersons in a designated trade or occupation within a specific province/territory.
List of terms that start with the letter: P
- Is an interval of work experience and formal training, usually established in hours and set by regulation that forms a portion of the term of an apprenticeship (usually of one year duration).
- Pre-Employment Training
- Courses providing intensive instruction for entrance into employment in a specific occupation. Depending on the jurisdiction, these courses may not necessarily be linked to apprenticeship training. In some jurisdictions, however, this term refers to all training leading to employment, including pre-apprenticeship training courses.
- Pre-Employment Training - Compulsory
- A compulsory pre-employment training course that must be completed prior to participating in an apprenticeship program for a specific designated trade or occupation.
- Pre-Employment Training - Voluntary
- A pre-employment training course that can be taken on a voluntary basis and is not a pre-requisite to entering into an apprenticeship program in a specific designated trade or occupation.
- Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR)
- A process under which recognition is extended towards completion of an apprenticeship for skills, knowledge or competencies that have been acquired experientially through work experience, previous education and training or self studies. The prior learning should articulate with the formal technical training or on-the-job training requirements for the trade or occupation in which the apprenticeship is to be served.
- Province/Territory In-School Level Practical Examination
- Performance tests developed by a Province/Territory to determine whether an apprentice has successfully mastered the practical skills required to complete the apprenticeship period or level of technical training.
- Province/Territory Journeyperson (TQ) Examination
- An examination developed to determine whether an eligible journeyperson meets the prevailing industry standards for provincial/territorial certification in a designated trade or occupation. The examination may include a written and/or practical component.
- Province/Territory Journeyperson Course Outline - UPDATING
- A curriculum outline which identifies the training content required to bring a journeyperson's skill or set of skills up to date with new methods, technology and procedures required in the trade or occupation in which the person is currently employed or certified.
- Province/Territory Journeyperson Course Outline - UPGRADING
- A refresher program curriculum outline, which reviews the training content necessary to meet current journeyperson certification requirements.
- Province/Territory Level Written Examination
- A written examination developed by a Province/Territory to determine whether an apprentice has successfully completed a period or level of formal apprenticeship technical training and/or be used as a means of determining if credit for prior training and/or work experience should be granted to a registered apprentice.
- Province/Territory Skill Profile Chart
- A comprehensive portrayal of the major trade areas and associated tasks for a trade or occupation which an individual must successfully perform to meet job requirements. The profile may be presented in a graphical format, e.g. DACUM chart or a narrative format.
List of terms that start with the letter: R
- Ratio - Journeyperson/Apprentice
- The number of qualified/certified journeypersons that an employer must employ in a designated trade or occupation in order to be eligible to register an apprentice as determined by prevailing provincial/territorial legislation, regulation, policy directive or bylaw issued by the responsible authority or agency. Ratio may be fixed for all employers or variable and can be adjusted by the responsible authority when taking into account an employer's ability to train. Generally, in the absence of an established ratio, a ratio of one apprentice to one journeyperson is used.
List of terms that start with the letter: T
- Training Delivery Method - Block Release
- Refers to a training delivery method by which apprentices are released from work by their employers to attend prescribed full time in-school technical training for a specified period (usually three to ten weeks, once each year).
- Training Delivery Method - Individualized
- A single learner focused (as opposed to a group of learners) method of providing apprenticeship technical training instruction utilizing current communications technologies and/or a facilitator/instructor in a classroom, shop or lab. Jurisdictions that are moving to an individualized course base method of instruction will show only the total hours of training as opposed to a number of periods and total weeks of instruction. Modularized learning resource materials are often used to support this type of training delivery. Refer also to the definition herein for 'Modularized Learning Resource Materials'.
- Train-the-Trainer Program
- A program designed to provide training and coaching skills to journeypersons responsible for the workplace training and supervision of apprentices.
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